How to arrange flowers in a Vase
Florists make flower arranging look so easy but trying to arrange flowers with no previous skills or experience isn’t quite so simple.
Like everything in life, there are certain basic steps and rules to the art of flower arranging. It is much more than just throwing a whole lot of blooms together.
Design an arrangement
with an end in mind: to serve a specific purpose, convey a message and create a mood.
Wedding flowers are different to Christmas flowers for example.The many aspects of flower arranging are accomplished through the perfect selection of variety and color of flowers, the style of the arrangement and even the choice of vase.
Here are a few tips on how to arrange flowers for maximum impact.
How to Arrange Flowers – Step By Step
Decide on the purpose of the flower arrangement and the effect you want to create.
Knowing this will naturally determine the type of flowers required and the size and shape of the vase that you will need.
Become a proficient floral designer and learn how to arrange flowers with the use of the best flowers for each occasion along with the perfect container.
Having selected your flowers and vase, what tools will you need?
The correct tools such as secateurs, knife, scissors, pencil, foam, plant food/water enhancer and ribbons are essential equipment for good flower arranging.
Knowing what tools are required is just as important as knowing what flowers to use and makes the task so much easier and enjoyable.Ensure you have a definite end in mind and a detailed plan on how to achieve this. Being ill prepared will only lead to disappointment.Making sure that you have all the necessary and right tools will go a long way to ensuring a perfect flower arrangement.
General steps to assembling your arrangement (specific design may differ)
Put about 2 – 3 inches of treated water in the vase. You can top it up later if you need to.
Start with your supporting flowers (usually the greenery) Trim the length of each stem to the required length.When using foam as a plant support trim to the desire length
Always cut the stem at an angle to cut create more surface area for the water to be absorbed through.
Trim any foliage off so that only the stem is exposed to the the water. Any leaves in contact with the water will encourage bacterial growth and reduce the lifespan of your arrangement.
Place your supporting flowers in the vase working from the outside edge back towards the middle
Have the foliage facing the viewer – not facing inwards and leave enough room for your feature flowers.
Next cut your tallest flowers so that the finished height will have them touching the bottom of the vase as well (not applicable with foam).
As a rule of thumb these should not exceed one and a half times the height of the vase (remember that it is a rule of thumb and not set in concrete).
Work with an odd number of flowers. For example: one or three tall ones – this seems to be in harmony with nature and works well.
Place these in between the supporting foliage.
These taller stemmed flowers
should be in the center of the overall arrangement and should face out.
Finally insert your filler length plants between the taller and supporting foliage.
Sticking with the odd number rule for each layer as you use shorter plants. If you have one feature length flower use 3 intermediate length ones and 5 if you have 3 long stemmed center blooms.
The result should be a balanced arrangement that is fuller on the outside, lower edges that naturally tapers up to highlight the taller feature blooms.
Flower Arrangements for Various Occasions
Flower arrangements differ depending on the occasion and the setting.Centerpiece arrangements, such as for a dinner, require a low circular or long horizontal design in a low vase or container, and are placed in the middle of the table. It is important not to use a high flower arrangement so as to avoid the guests not being able to see and talk to each other. If the flowers will be used as a feature centerpiece in a room, choose large, colorful and long-stemmed flowers such as lilies, roses and sunflowers as a focal point. Place them in a tall vase and add small flowers and fresh leaves to balance out the arrangement.
Flowers given during romantic occasions such as Valentine’s Day or anniversaries are usually arranged in a bouquet or a box. Popular choices are long stemmed roses in a box, or a dozen fresh flowers arranged in a bouquet.
When arranging bouquets, the same principles apply as a vase with the most vivid blossoms at the center and the flowers with smaller blooms on the outside.
This article is inspired by some web clippings and articles found online that portray how to make a beautiful and elegant bouquet at home.